CHINA: 70-Year Anniversary of New Democratic Revolution

Photo: Tiananmen Square, October 1, 1949.

By The Incendiary Editorial Board

Today, the masses, the international proletariat, revolutionaries and Communists of the world celebrate the 1949 victory of the New Democratic Revolution in China led by Chairman Mao Zedong and the Communist Party of China, when a quarter of the world’s population stood up and overthrew their imperialist oppressors and feudalism, launching a tidal wave across the third world and propelling the International Communist Movement forward. On this 70th anniversary, the social-imperialist party of Xi Jinping has shamelessly exploited this special proletarian occasion for its own revisionist ends.

Portrait of Xi Jinping from Military Parade, October 1, 2019.

China’s military and economic prowess, flaunted by President Xi and his party on Tuesday, were made possible by the revolutionary leadership and work of Mao and the Communist Party of China up until 1976, but have since been parasitically confiscated by the forces of capitalist restoration. Once led by a political line in service of the world proletarian revolution, the Chinese state now strives to match US imperialism by imperialist means.

At the parade in Tiananmen square, the Chinese military unveiled, among other sophisticated weapons, the Dongfeng 41 nuclear missile, allegedly capable of reaching the US in half an hour. This display of technological terror, intended to send a message to the US military, fundamentally differs from the teachings of People’s War taught by Mao, who emphasized the superiority of the masses with a high level of class consciousness over modern armament. In a 1946 interview with US journalist Anna Louise Strong, Mao commented, “The atom bomb is a paper tiger that the US reactionaries use to scare people.”

Dongfeng 41 Nuclear Missile

Dressed in Mao’s iconic Zhongshan suit, President Xi gave a speech likening himself to Mao, who had 70 years earlier declared from the same place that the Central People’s Government of the People’s Republic of China had been formed.

“Over the last 70 years with perseverance and strenuous efforts, the Chinese people have impressed the world with their achievements,” Xi said.

It is in the interests of Xi and his revisionist supporters to frame the past 70 years of Chinese history as an uninterrupted line of progress. Before today’s celebrations, Xi had visited Mao’s mausoleum in Beijing and bowed. Opportunists specialize in these meaningless gestures, which are conducted only for the sake of appearances.

Lip service is the only thing Xi and his supporters have paid to Mao. The legacy that Xi’s party has really followed is that of Liu Shaoqi and Deng Xiaoping. During the period of New Democracy, before socialism had been built in China, Liu advocated for a reactionary “theory of productive forces,” which put technological advancements and increased production above the relations of production. It was the arch-revisionist Deng who carried forward this bourgeois ideology masquerading as Marxism when he consolidated counterrevolutionary forces near the end of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, the highest accomplishment of the international working class, and saw to the systematic dismantling of socialism and suppression of Mao Zedong’s thought in China. It is easy to trace Deng’s opening of Chinese markets to foreign capital following Mao’s death to Xi’s Belt and Road Initiative, which builds on the capitalist restoration that Deng initiated by turning it into an imperialist enterprise.

Despite the efforts of Xi’s government, no amount of opportunism or revisionism can smother the historical milestone of the 1949 victory of the Communist Party of China and the People’s Liberation Army.

The seeds of the 1949 Chinese Revolution were planted early on in the 1911 revolution against the Qing Dynasty. The founding of the Communist Party of China in 1921 began the consolidation of the proletarian leadership of the revolution, which would be steeled in 1927 with the betrayal of Chiang Kai-shek and the anti-communist crackdown carried out by his Nationalist Party of China (Kuomintang).

The Party weathered this first bend in the road, and under the leadership of Mao Zedong and Chu Teh, the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) slowly gained strength and conquered base areas, waging the world’s first theorized People’s War. It carried out monumental feats like the Long March which started in 1934. Enduring extreme hardship and losses, the PLA crossed over 10,000 km, 18 mountain ranges, and 24 rivers to reach North Shensi where it would set up more formidable base areas.

Mao on the Long March

The Party temporarily united with the Kuomintang during World War II, when it would establish the Anti-Japanese Base at Yan’an and lay the foundation for the rectification movement that would ultimately lead to the 1949 victory.

“Our revolutionary work is not [complete],” said Mao at the First Plenary Session of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference on September 21, 1949. “The People’s War of Liberation and the people’s revolutionary movement are still forging ahead and we must keep up our efforts. The imperialists and the domestic reactionaries will certainly not take their defeat lying down; they will fight to the last ditch.”

Mao Zedong giving speech on October 1, 1949.

History develops in spirals, and the great reversal in China, from socialist to capitalist, does not disprove the inevitability of Communism. Setbacks, twists, and turns are part of the process of development of history.

Despite the current domination of capitalism, China’s New Democratic Revolution set the entire Third World, the majority of humanity, on the path of national liberation towards socialism. By creatively applying Mao’s thought and the lessons of the Chinese revolution to their own People’s War, Chairman Gonzalo and the Communist Party of Peru would prove that Marxism-Leninism-Maoism was the third stage of Marxism, giving the world proletarian revolution an invincible ideology.

The triumph of the New Democratic Revolution in China, its socialist and cultural revolutions, and its capitalist setback are all part of the long march toward Communism. What it has given to the people of the world far outweighs the modern revisionism and opportunism of Xi’s party. In the end, as Chairman Mao has said, the Chinese proletariat will be victorious, realizing Communism.